Fact Sheet: Environment Organizations, Conventions, Key Terms & Reports for UPSC Prelims Exam

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CONTENTS
PART-1-CONVENTIONS & ORGANISATIONS

• WORLD CHARTER FOR NATURE
• EARTH SUMMIT-1992
 Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM)
• COMMISSION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
• CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
• AGENDA 21
• EARTH SUMMIT 2002
• RIO+20 (2012)
• TROPICAL FOREST ALLIANCE
• BRUNDTLAND COMMISSION
• GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY (GEF)
• UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON THE HUMAN ENVIRONMENT
• PARTNERSHIP FOR ACTION ON GREEN ECONOMY (PAGE)
• GREEN GROWTH KNOWLEDGE PLATFORM (GGKP)
• UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE (UNFCCC)
 List of UNFCCC Summits
• IMPORTANT CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE
 COP 3-KYOTO PROTOCOL
 COP 7-MARRAKECH, MOROCCO
 National Adaptation Plan (NAP)
 COP 11-MONTREAL, CANADA
 COP 13-BALI ACTION PLAN (BAP)
 COP 15-COPENHAGEN ACCORD
 COP 16- CANCÚN, MEXICO
 COP 18- DOHA AMENDMENT
 COP 19-POLAND-WARSAW INTERNATIONAL MECHANISM
 COP 20-LIMA (PERU)
 COP 21-PARIS AGREEMENT
 HIGH AMBITION COALITION
 ENHANCED TRANSPARENCY FRAMEWORK
 COP 22-MARRAKECH (MOROCCO)
 COP 23-BONN CONFERENCE
 TALANOA DIALOGUE
 OCEAN PATHWAY PARTNERSHIP
 INSURELIENCE GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP
 POWERING PAST COAL ALLIANCE
 COP 24-KATOWICE, POLAND
 COP 25-MADRID, SPAIN
 WORLD NATURE ORGANIZATION (WNO)
 INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTIONS (INDC)
 ACTION FOR CLIMATE EMPOWERMENT (ACE)
 INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE (IPCC)
 Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP)
• INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE (IUCN)
• IUCN RED LIST / RED BOOK
• BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL
• THE ECONOMICS OF ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY (TEEB)
• SUSTAINABLE STOCK EXCHANGES INITIATIVE
• RACE TO ZERO CAMPAIGN
• CLIMATE AMBITION ALLIANCE
• MOMENTUM FOR CHANGE INITIATIVE
• CLIMATE NEUTRAL NOW
• ALLIANCE FOR ZERO EXTINCTION SITES
• NATURA 2000 NETWORK
• ASEAN HERITAGE PARKS
• CRITICAL ECOSYSTEM PARTNERSHIP FUND (CEPF)
• MAN AND THE BIOSPHERE RESERVES (MAB)
• BIOSPHERE SMART INITIATIVE
• WORLD HERITAGE SITES
• CENTRES OF PLANT DIVERSITY
• SUSTAINABLE OCEAN INITIATIVE (SOI)
• TRASH FREE SEAS ALLIANCE (TFSA)
• UNITED NATIONS HUMAN SETTLEMENTS PROGRAMME (UN-HABITAT)
• IMPORTANT BIRD AND BIODIVERSITY AREAS (IBAS)
• MEGADIVERSITY COUNTRIES
• RAMSAR SITES / CONVENTION
• MONTREUX RECORD
• GLOBAL TRANSBOUNDARY PROTECTED AREAS NETWORK (GTPAN)
• CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA (CITES)
• TRAFFIC- WILDLIFE TRADE MONITORING NETWORK
• MONITORING THE ILLEGAL KILLING OF ELEPHANTS (MIKE)
• WORLD WIDE FUND FOR NATURE (WWF)
• MARPOL CONVENTION
• WHALING CONVENTION
• CONVENTION ON THE CONSERVATION OF MIGRATORY SPECIES OF WILD ANIMALS OR BONN CONVENTION
• UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE LAW OF THE SEA (UNCLOS)
• INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON OIL POLLUTION PREPAREDNESS, RESPONSE, AND CO-OPERATION
• UNEP REGIONAL SEAS PROGRAMME
• AICHI BIODIVERSITY TARGETS
• ACCESS AND BENEFIT-SHARING (ABS)
• NAGOYA PROTOCOL
• CARTAGENA PROTOCOL ON BIOSAFETY
• VIENNA CONVENTION FOR PROTECTION OF OZONE LAYER
• MONTREAL PROTOCOL
• KIGALI AMENDMENT
• ALPHA, BETA, AND GAMMA DIVERSITY
• BIODIVERSITY ACTION PLAN (BAP)
• CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES (COP)
• MILLENNIUM ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT (MA)
• PAYMENTS FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICES (PES)
• UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME (UNEP)
• UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION TO COMBAT DESERTIFICATION (UNCCD)
• INITIATIVE 20X20
• PEACE FOREST INITIATIVE
• GREAT GREEN WALL INITIATIVE
• GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP ON FOREST AND LANDSCAPE RESTORATION (GPFLR)
• BONN CHALLENGE
• THE RESTORATION INITIATIVE
• FOREST LANDSCAPE RESTORATION (FLR)
• UNITED FOR BIODIVERSITY
• COALITION FOR PRIVATE INVESTMENT IN CONSERVATION (CPIC)
• UN-REDD PROGRAMME
• UN REDD+ PROGRAMME
• FOREST CARBON PARTNERSHIP FUND
• GLOBAL CARBON PROJECT
• ACCELERATING CCS TECHNOLOGIES
• COALITION FOR RAINFOREST NATIONS (CFRN)
• CLIMATE AND CLEAN AIR COALITION
• CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM (CDM)
• SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM (SDM)
• INTERNATIONAL EMISSIONS TRADING ASSOCIATION (IETA)
• CLIMATE, COMMUNITY & BIODIVERSITY ALLIANCE (CCBA)
• BIOCARBON FUND INITIATIVE FOR SUSTAINABLE FOREST LANDSCAPES (ISFL)
• GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE ALLIANCE (GCCA)
• FOREST CARBON PARTNERSHIP FACILITY (FCPF)
• DELTA COALITION
• GREEN CLIMATE FUND (GCF)
• GLOBAL GREEN GROWTH INSTITUTE (GGGI)
• GLOBALLY IMPORTANT AGRICULTURAL HERITAGE SYSTEMS (GIAHS)
• STOCKHOLM CONVENTION
• BASEL CONVENTION
• ROTTERDAM CONVENTION
• BAMAKO CONVENTION
• CLIMATE TECHNOLOGY CENTRE & NETWORK (CTCN)
• UNDER2 COALITION
• INTERNATIONAL SOLAR ALLIANCE (ISA)
 Global Solar Atlas
 Coalition for Sustainable Climate Action
• SOLAR RISK MITIGATION INITIATIVE
• C40 CITIES CLIMATE LEADERSHIP GROUP
• MANGROVE FOR THE FUTURE (MFF)
• ADDIS ABABA ACTION AGENDA
• MINAMATA CONVENTION
• ST PETERSBURG DECLARATION
• GLOBAL TIGER FORUM
• GLOBAL ALLIANCE FOR CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE (GACSA)
• GLOBAL TIGER INITIATIVE (GTI)
• INTERNATIONAL TIGER COALITION
• MISSION TX2
• CONSERVATION ASSURED | TIGER STANDARDS (CA|TS)
• TURTLE SURVIVAL ALLIANCE
• GLOBAL SNOW LEOPARD ECOSYSTEM PROTECTION PROGRAMME (GSLEP)
• BLUE FLAG CERTIFICATION
• CLIMATE ADAPTATION AND RESILIENCE FOR SOUTH ASIA (CARE) PROJECT
• SOUTH ASIA WILDLIFE ENFORCEMENT NETWORK (SAWEN)
• ARCTIC COUNCIL
• REGIONAL INTEGRATED MULTI-HAZARD EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS (RIMES)
• TSUNAMI-READY
 Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)
• UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARK
 Global Geoparks Network (GGN)
• SEABED 2030 PROJECT
• DECARBONIZING TRANSPORT IN EMERGING ECONOMIES’ (DTEE)
• ZERO PLASTIC WASTE CITIES INITIATIVE
• FRIDAYS FOR FUTURE (FFF)
 Champions of the Earth
• INTERNATIONAL PLANT PROTECTION CONVENTION (IPPC)
• ADAPTATION FOR SMALLHOLDER AGRICULTURE PROGRAMME (ASAP)
• UNITED NATIONS FORUM ON FORESTS (UNFF)
 Yanji Declaration
• COLLABORATIVE PARTNERSHIP ON FORESTS
• PLANET-BASED DIETS
• INTERNATIONAL NITROGEN INITIATIVE (INI)
• COLOMBO DECLARATION
• BANGKOK DECLARATION ON COMBATING MARINE DEBRIS IN ASEAN REGION
• GLOBAL DEAL FOR NATURE
• ANDREX PROJECT
• INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE INITIATIVE
• BIODIVERSITY FINANCE INITIATIVE (BIOFIN)
• MISCELLANEOUS CONVENTIONS
• ANTIGUA CONVENTION
• ABIDJAN CONVENTION
• CARTAGENA CONVENTION
• NAIROBI CONVENTION
• NOUMEA CONVENTION
• BARCELONA CONVENTION
• OSPAR CONVENTION
• APIA CONVENTION
• CAMLR CONVENTION
• LONDON CONVENTION
• BUCHAREST CONVENTION
• HELSINKI CONVENTION
• WAIGANI CONVENTION
• TEHRAN CONVENTION
• BALLAST WATER CONVENTION
• ALPINE CONVENTION
• KUWAIT CONVENTION
• JEDDAH CONVENTION
• CARPATHIAN CONVENTION
• CONVENTION ON THE CONSERVATION OF ANTARCTIC MARINE LIVING RESOURCES
• CONVENTION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF ANTARCTIC SEALS

PART-2-KEY TERMS
• CONGREGATORY SPECIES
• ENDEMIC SPECIES
• ENDANGERED SPECIES
• KEYSTONE SPECIES
• INDICATOR SPECIES
• EDGE SPECIES
• FOUNDATION SPECIES
• UMBRELLA SPECIES
• INDIGENOUS SPECIES
• MIGRATORY SPECIES
• ALGAL BLOOM
• ALIEN INVASIVE SPECIES (AIS)
• AREAS BEYOND NATIONAL JURISDICTION (ABNJ)
• LARGE MARINE ECOSYSTEMS (LMES)
• VULNERABLE MARINE ECOSYSTEM (VME)
• PARTICULARLY SENSITIVE SEA AREAS (PSSAS)
• MARINE PROTECTED AREA (MPA)
• LAST OF THE WILD AREAS
• KEY BIODIVERSITY AREAS (KBAS)
• WORLD COMMISSION ON PROTECTED AREAS (WCPA)
• IMPORTANT PLANT AREA (IPA)
• IUCN PROTECTED AREAS
• INTACT FOREST LANDSCAPE (IFL)
• HIGH CONSERVATION VALUE AREAS (HCVAS)
• HIGH BIODIVERSITY WILDERNESS AREAS (HBWA)
• ENDEMIC BIRD AREAS (EBAS)
• GLOBAL 200 ECOREGIONS
• OCEAN ACIDIFICATION
• CRISIS ECOREGIONS
• HOPE SPOTS
• ENDEMIC BIRD AREAS (EBAS)
• ECOLOGICALLY OR BIOLOGICALLY SIGNIFICANT AREAS (EBSA)
• BUFFER ZONES
• BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS
• AREAS OF SPECIAL CONSERVATION INTEREST (ASCIS)
• INDIGENOUS PEOPLES’ AND COMMUNITY CONSERVED TERRITORIES AND AREAS (ICCA)
• SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREAS OF MEDITERRANEAN IMPORTANCE (SPAMIS)
• COLD SEEP ECOSYSTEMS
• COLD-WATER CORAL
• EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE (EEZ)
• SALTMARSH
• SEAGRASSES
• SEAMOUNTS
• WARM-WATER CORAL REEFS
• BIODIVERSITY OFFSETS
• BIOACCUMULATION
• BIOMAGNIFICATION
• BIO-GEOCHEMICAL CYCLES
• ECOCLINE
• ECOPHENE
• ECOTONE
• ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT
• ECOLOGICAL NICHE
• EUTROPHICATION
• PARTICULATE MATTER (PM)
• CARBON SEQUESTRATION
• GREENHOUSE GAS
• WATER VAPOR
• CARBON DIOXIDE
• NITROUS OXIDE
• OZONE
• CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS (CFCS)
• HYDROFLUOROCARBONS (HFCS)
• METHANE

PART-3-REPORTS & INDICES