Fundamentals-Of-Computer-Information-Technology-PGDCA-Notes-In-Hindi-New-2018

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1PGDCA1- SEMESTER-I

FUNDAMENTAL OF COMPUTER & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

UNIT - I

Computer System Concepts, Application area, advantage & disadvantage, Components of a computer system – Control unit , ALU, Input/Output, Memory ,Mother Board, Generations of computers, Configurations of Computer system, Types of PCs- Desktop, Laptop , Notebook, Palmtop, PDA, Special Purpose computers, Supercomputers Characteristics and area of Uses, Primary Vs Secondary Memory, RAM, ROM , EPROM, PROM.
Various Storage Devices- Magnetic Disks, Hard Disk Drives, Floppy, Disks, Zip Drive, Optical Disks, CD, VCD, CD-R, CD-RW, DVD, DVD-RW, Blue Ray Disc, flash drives SD/MMC Memory cards, Solid Drive (SSD).

UNIT-II

Input Devices: Keyboard, mouse, Trackball, Joystick, Scanners, Digitizing tablet, Digital Camera, MICR, OCR, OMR, Light pen, Barcode & Barcode Reader, Quick Response Code (QR Code), Voice Recognition, Touch Screen.
Output Devices: Monitors- Characteristics and type of monitor, Size, Digital, Analog, Resolution, Refresh Rate, Interlaced/Non –Interlaced , Dot Pitch , Video Standard- VGA, SVGA, XGA etc. Printers and its Types Impact and Non –Impact printer, Dot Matrix, Inkjet, Laser, Plotter, 3D Printers, Sound Card and Speakers

UNIT-III

Software and Its Need, Types of Software – System Software, Application Software, System Software-Operating System –definition & function, Device Drivers & Utility Programs, Introduction & Features of DOS, Windows. Programming Languages- Machine, Assembly, High Level,4GL their Merits and Demerits, Uses of Assemblers, Compilers and Interpreter.
Application Software and its Types- Word Processing, Spreadsheet, Presentation Graphics, Data Base Management , Desktop Publishing , communication , Educational, Graphics & Multimedia, Business Accounting , MIS, Gaming and ERP Software etc.
Computer coding system – ASCII , ISCII, and Unicode, Number system of computer Binary, Octal Decimal, Hexadecimal their Conversion.

UNIT – IV

Use of communication and IT , communication Process, Component of communication- sender,receiver transmission medium & protocol, communication type –Simplex, Half Duplex, Full Duplex. Communication Channels- Twisted , Coaxial, Fiber Optic, Modem –Working and characteristics. Types of network –client/server and peer –to peer networks, Types of connections-Dialup, Leased Lines, ISDN, DSL, RF, Broad band uses , advantages & disadvantages.

UNIT-V

Disk Operating System(DOS):Introduction,DOS Basic-Drive Name,FAT,File and Directory Structure and Naming Rules,Booting Process ,DOS System File.

DOS Commands:Internal -DIR,MD,CD,RD,Copy,Copy Con,DEL,REN,External TREE,FORMATE,SORT,FDISK,MODE,ATTIRIB,HELP,SYS etc.Concepts Of Free/Open Source and Proproetary Software,Application and Use of Computer in Various Fields

Linux:History & Features,Hardware Requirements of Linux,Various Flavors Of Linux ,Linux Standard Directories,Function Of Profile and Login Files in Linux,Linux Kernal, Login and Logout From Linux System ,Linux Commands-bc,cal,cat,cd,clear,cmp,cp,mv,date,find,ls,pwd,mkdir,more,rm,rmdir,chgrp,chmod,who,whois

Syllabus According Questions

UNIT – I

कंप्यूटर की अवधारणा (Computer System Concepts)
कंप्यूटर के अनुप्रयोग (Application area of Computer)
कंप्यूटर के लाभ (Advantage of Computer)
कंप्यूटर की कमियां (Disadvantage of Computer)
कंप्यूटर के तत्व (Components of a computer system) – Control unit, ALU, Input / Output, Memory Mother Board
कंप्यूटर की पीढियां (Generations of computers)
Configurations of Computer system
कंप्यूटर के प्रकार (Types of PCs)­ Desktop, Laptop, Notebook, Palmtop, PDA, Special Purpose computers, Supercomputers Characteristics and area of Uses
प्राइमरी और सेकेंडरी मेमोरी में अंतर (Primary Vs Secondary Memory)
RAM, ROM, EPROM, PROM.
स्टोरेज डिवाइस (Various Storage Devices)- Magnetic Disks, Hard Disk Drives, Floppy, Disks, Zip Drive, Optical Disks, CD, VCD, CD-R, CD-RW, DVD, DVD-RW, Blue Ray Disc, flash drives SD/MMC Memory cards, Solid-State Drive (SSD).

UNIT – II

इनपुट डिवाइस (Input Devices): Keyboard, Mouse, Trackball, Joystick, Scanners, Digitizing tablet, Digital Camera, MICR, OCR, OMR, Light pen, Barcode & Barcode Reader, Quick Response Code (QR Code), Voice Recognition, Touch Screen.
आउटपुट डिवाइस (Output Devices)-
मॉनिटर (Monitors)- Characteristics and types of monitor, Size, Digital, Analog, Resolution, Refresh Rate, Interlaced/Non-Interlaced, Dot Pitch
विडियो मानक (Video Standard)- VGA, SVGA, XGA etc.
प्रिंटर और उसके प्रकार (Printers and its Types) Impact and Non-Impact printer, Dot Matrix, Inkjet, Laser
प्लॉटर (Plotter)
3D प्रिंटर (3D Printers)
साउंड कार्ड और स्पीकर (Sound Card and Speakers)

UNIT – III

सॉफ्टवेयर क्या हैं और उसकी आवश्यकता (Software and Its Need)
सॉफ्टवेयर के प्रकार (Types of Software) –
सिस्टम सॉफ्टवेयर (System Software)
एप्लीकेशन सॉफ्टवेयर (Application Software)
यूटिलिटी सॉफ्टवेयर (Utility Software)
डॉस क्या हैं इसकी विशेषताएं (Introduction & Features of DOS)
विंडोज का परिचय (introduction to Windows)
प्रोग्रामिंग लैंग्वेज (Programming Languages) Machine, Assembly, High Level, 4GL, their Merits and Demerits
कम्पाइलर, इंटर प्रिटर और असेम्बलर (Uses of Assemblers, Compilers and Interpreter)
एप्लीकेशन सॉफ्टवेयर के प्रकार )Application Software and its Types)-
Word Processing
Spreadsheet
Presentation Graphics
Data Base Management
Desktop Publishing
communication
Educational
Graphics & Multimedia
Business Accounting
MIS, Gaming and ERP Software etc.
कंप्यूटर कोडिंग सिस्टम (Computer coding system)-ASCII, ISCH and Unicode
नंबर सिस्टम (Number system of computer)
Binary, Octal, Decimal, Hexadecimal
बाइनरी को डेसीमल में कैसे बदले (How to Change Binary to Decimal)
हेक्साडेसीमल को डेसीमल में कैसे बदले (How to Change Hexadecimal to Decimal)

UNIT – IV

कम्युनिकेशन का उपयोग (Use of communication and IT Communication Process)
कम्युनिकेशन के तत्व (Component of communication)- sender, receiver, transmission medium & protocol
कम्युनिकेशन के प्रकार (Communication types)- Simplex, Half Duplex, Full Duplex.
कम्युनिकेशन केबल (Communication Channels)- Twisted, Coaxial, Fiber Optic, Modem-Working and characteristics.
क्लाइंट सर्वर आर्किटेक्चर (client/ server and peer-to-peer networks)
कनेक्शन के प्रकार (Types of connections)- Dial up, Leased Lines, ISDN, DSL, RF, Broad band uses, advantages & disadvantages.
नेटवर्क के प्रकार (Types or Network)- LAN, WAN , MAN
वीपीएन क्या हैं (What is VPN)
टोपोलॉजी (Topologies of LAN) – Ring, Bus, Star, Mesh and Tree topologies structure, uses, advantage & disadvantages
लेन के तत्व (components of LAN)- Media, NIC, NOS
नेटवर्क डिवाइस (Network devices) – Bridges, HUB, Routers, Repeater, Gateways uses, advantages & disadvantages.

UNIT – V

डॉस का परिचय (Disk Operating System (DOS): Introduction)
DOS Basics –
ड्राइव नाम (Drive Name)
फैट फाइल क्या हैं (FAT)
डॉस फाइल और डायरेक्टरी स्ट्रक्चर (File and Directory Structure)
फाइल नामांकरण के नियम (File Naming Rules)
बूटिंग प्रक्रिया (Booting Process)
डॉस सिस्टम फाइल (DOS System Files)
डॉस कमांड्स (DOS Commands): Internal – DIR, MD, CD, RD, COPY, COPY CON, DEL, REN. External­ TREE, FORMAT, SORT, FDISK, MODE, ATIIRIB, HELP, SYS etc.,
ओपन सोर्स तथा प्रोपराईटरी सॉफ्टवेयर क्या हैं? (Concepts of Free/Open Source and proprietary software)
कंप्यूटर के अनुप्रयोग (applications and use of computer in various fields)
लिनक्स (LINUX):
लिनक्स का इतिहास (History of Linux)
लिनक्स की विशेषताएं (Features of Linux)
लिनक्स की हार्डवेयर आवश्यकतायें (Hardware Requirements of Linux)
लिनक्स के वर्जन (Various flavors of Linux)
लिनक्स स्टैण्डर्ड डायरेक्टरी (Linux Standard Directories)
लिनक्स में प्रोफाइल फाइल तथा लॉग इन फाइल के फंक्शन (Functions of Profile and Login Files in Linux)
लिनक्स कर्नल (Linux Kernel)
लिनक्स को चालू और बंद कैसे करें (Login and Logout from Linux System)
लिनक्स कमांड्स (Linux commands)- be, cal, cat, cd, clear, cmp, cp, mv, date, find, ls, pwd, mkdir, more, rm, rmdir, chgrp, chmod, who, whois

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