Unit-I Semiconductor Diode: Depletion layer, V-I characteristics, ideal and practical Diodes, Diode Equivalent Circuits, Zener Diodes breakdown mechanism (Zener and avalanche) Diode Application: Diode Configuration, Half and Full Wave rectification, Clippers, Clampers, Zener diode as shunt regulator, Voltage-Multiplier Circuits Special Purpose two terminal Devices: Light-Emitting Diodes, Photo Diodes, Varactor Diodes, Tunnel Diodes, Liquid-Crystal Displays
II Bipolar Junction Transistor: Transistor Construction, Operation, Amplification action. Common Base, Common Emitter, Common Collector Configuration Field Effect Transistor: Construction and Characteristic of JFETs. Transfer Characteristic. MOSFET (MOS) (Depletion and Enhancement) Type, Transfer Characteristic.
Unit-III Operational Amplifiers: Introduction, Op-Amp Basic, Practical Op-Amp Circuits (Inverting Amplifier, Non-inverting Amplifier, Unit Follower, Summing Amplifier, Integrator, Differentiator).Differential and Common-Mode Operation, Comparators. Introduction of IoT System, Components of IoT system: Microprocessor and Microcontroller, Bluetooth Technology, Wi-Fi Technology, Concept of Networking, Sensor Nodes, concept of cloud.
Unit-IV Digital Electronics: Number system & representation. Introduction of Basic and Universal Gates, using Boolean algebra simplification of Boolean function. K Map Minimization upto 6 Variable.. Introduction To IC Technology: SSI, MSI, LSI, VLSI Integrated Circuits
Unit-V: Fundamentals of Communication Engineering: Basics of signal representation and analysis, Electromagnetic spectrum Elements of a Communication System, Need of modulation and typical applications, Fundamentals of amplitude modulation and demodulation techniques. Introduction to Data Communications: Goals and applications of Networks. General Model of Wireless Communication: Evolution of mobile radio communication fundamentals, GPRS, GSM, CDMA. Elements of Satellite & Radar Communication