GS Paper 2 UPSC CSE Mains Previous Year Questions of last 41 Years 1979-2019 updated Only Questions

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Some examples of how questions are repeated
Topic Separation of power
Q.Do you think that constitution of India does not accept principle of strict separation of powers rather it is based on the principle of ‘checks and balance’? Explain.(2019)

1.Resorting to ordinances has always raised concern on violation of the spirit of separation of powers doctrine. While noting the rationales justifying the power to promulgate ordinances,analyze whether the decisions of the Supreme Court on the issue have further facilitated resorting to this power. Should the power to promulgate ordinances be repealed? (2015)
2.Separation of powers is essential to ensure Individual liberty. Discuss this with regard to the provisions in the Constitution and practices adopted so far.(1983)

Topic Pressure group

Q.What are the methods used by the Farmers organizations to influence the policymakers in India and how effective are these methods? (10)(2019)

1.Pressure group politics is sometimes seen as the informal face of politics. With regards to the above, assess the structure and functioning of pressure groups in India.(2013)

2.How do pressure groups influence Indian political process? Do you agree with this view that informal pressure groups have emerged as powerful than formal pressure groups in recent years?(2017)

Topic Federalism

Q.From the resolution of contentious issues regarding distribution of legislative powers by the courts, ‘Principle of Federal Supremacy’ and ‘Harmonious Construction’ have emerged. Explain.(2019)

1.Though the federal principle is dominant in our Constitution and that principle is one of its basic features, but it is equally true that federalism under the Indian Constitution leans in favour of a strong Centre, a feature that militates against the concept of strong federalism. Discuss.(2014)

2.The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly emphasized in recent years. Highlight the drawbacks in the existing structure and the extent to which cooperative federalism would answer the shortcomings. (2015)

Repeated question in 2016
Q. To what extent is Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, bearing marginal note “temporary provision
with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir”, temporary? Discuss the future prospects of this
provision in the context of Indian polity.(2016
Explain the significance of Article 370 in the Constitution of India (1988,1990)
Q. “The Indian party system is passing through a phase of transition which looks to be full of
contradictions and paradoxes.” Discuss(2016)
Is it correct to describe the party system in India as One party Dominant system ?Give reasons for your
answer (1985)
Q.Exercise of CAG’s powers in relation to the accounts of the Union and the States is derived from
Article 149 of the Indian Constitution. Discuss whether audit of the Government’s policy implementation
could amount to overstepping its own (CAG) jurisdiction? (2016)
(Question related to CAG ) Distinguish between the auditing and Accounting functions of the CAG of
India. (2008 )
Q.Discuss each adjective attached to the word ‘Republic’ in the ‘Preamble’. Are they defendable in the
present circumstances?(2016)
What was the amendment in 1975, in the preamble of the Constitution? Discuss its significance.(1983)
What are the major commitments of the Constitution of India as incorporated in its
What is the significance of a preamble to a constitution? Bring out the philosophy of the Indian polity as
enshrined in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution.(2004)
Q. What was held in the Coelho case? In this context, can you say that judicial review is of key
importance amongst the basic features of the Constitution? (2016)
Question on Judicial review
Is it possible to distinguish between judicial review and judicial activism in India? Does the
recent behavior of the Indian judiciary partake more of judicial activism? Argue with suitable
Q.“Increasing cross-border terrorist attacks in India and growing interference in the internal
affairs of member-states by Pakistan are not conducive for the future of SAARC (South Asian
Association for Regional Cooperation).” Explain with suitable examples. (2016)
Discuss the significance of the 4th SAARC Summit (1989)
Recent SAARC Summit has been considered as a ‘non-starter’ by some political observers
while for others it has marked a watershed. Explain the two view points (About 250
Q. Evaluate the economic and strategic dimensions of India’s Look East Policy in the context of the post
Cold War international scenario. (2016)
Look East policy and North East India (2008)

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