Top eCommerce Frauds in 2021 and How to Prevent them

eCommerce frauds prevention tools

For the past one year, eCommerce frauds have been on the rise.

India’s Ministry of Consumer Affairs recently proposed amendments to the eCommerce rules in a 13-page document. The draft rules stated that companies that violate these rules face action under the Consumer Protection Act, 2019. In short, the Government wants tougher rules for e-tailers to tackle the eCommerce frauds happening in India lately. 

The proposed changes include:

1. Ban on flash sales

Certain eCommerce entities are engaging in limiting consumer choice by indulging in ‘flash’ sales. This prevents competitiveness and ultimately limits customer choice. Therefore, in its proposal, the ministry said eCommerce firms should be barred from holding flash sales in India if they are organized with an intent to benefit only a specified group of sellers. 

2. No more in-house labels

Under existing rules, eCommerce firms cannot hold inventory or sell items directly to consumers. But firms have been able to bypass this until now through joint ventures with local companies that operate as inventory-holding firms. So the new proposal bans eCommerce companies from running their private labels. These changes could affect Flipkart’s and Amazon’s business structures in India.

3. Compliance, grievance officers

Another proposal is that eCommerce firms appoint a chief compliance officer for effective law enforcement and to ensure compliance with the new orders. They must also appoint a resident ‘grievance officer’ to address consumers’ complaints. 

4. Sharing information with the government

Another new proposal requires every eCommerce entity to provide information to government agencies within 72 hours for verification of identity and cybersecurity incidents.

What’s behind these proposals?

The government said in a press release that these changes come in response to the various complaints against the unfair trade practices happening in the eCommerce ecosystem.

It has been increasingly hard to fix a set of rules. Here’s why:

  • Online fraud often crosses borders, which makes it harder to find a legal punishment
  • These frauds are not prioritized as highly due to the fact that a low number of cases are reported.
  • Online shopping frauds jumped 6-fold in just 2 years and it is becoming increasingly harder to detect online frauds.

4 eCommerce fraud practices to watch out for in 2021

There are some red flags that one should keep an eye on to stop scams before they even start. Here are 4 eCommerce frauds examples that are quite common:

1. Triangulation fraud

To explain how triangulation fraud works, let’s break it down into steps.

  1. The scammer creates a fake listing for a real product with a significant price markup. 
  2. A customer “buys” the product from the fake listing, giving the scammer all their personal data.
  3. The scammer takes the customer’s data and buys that same item for them at a different site for less. They have the item shipped to the customer.
  4. The customer receives the item they bought, without realizing they overpaid. The scammer keeps the markup profit.

The worst part of this scam is that the victims don’t even realize that they’ve been scammed.

2. Chargeback fraud

In the case of chargeback fraud, a customer keeps the product purchased from the online store via credit card and claims a refund falsely on the grounds of payment being made twice or a purchase never made in the first place.

3. Account takeover fraud

In simpler terms, this is identity theft. The fraudster obtains the identification information of the actual user and makes the online purchase on the eCommerce platform. Identity theft affects both the customer as well as the seller as the customer can place a refund request as soon as he detects the fraud.

4. Credit card fraud

Credit card fraud may be committed when a person makes online purchases from either a stolen card or when the person has taken over the account of a genuine user.

Signs of a safe eCommerce platform

There always exists a high chance of online threats within the eCommerce industry. That is why we have curated 3 important points that make a good eCommerce platform for fraud prevention.

1. Customer Support for eCommerce Fraud Prevention

eCommerce customer service plays a vital role in eCommerce fraud protection. A trained customer service representative detects the fraud indicators easily and alerts the team. It assists in screening eCommerce frauds that can potentially hurt your business.

Related Read: 5 Customer Support and Interaction Tips you Shouldn’t Ignore

2. They have personalised policies

Your eCommerce store should take fraud prevention policies seriously. Fraudsters often use different methods depending on the product niche and location. Your store should formulate fraud prevention policies and take necessary measures to reduce your risk. Make sure it is included in their policy too.

3. Carefully reviews all orders

Consider a platform that personally checks each order, or delegates the task to an experienced professional. At the very least, a system should be in place with some manual verification of unusual orders. Sometimes, human intuition can prevent problems from arising, which software may miss.

Prevention of eCommerce frauds must be your utmost priority in 2021.

But why?

Because eCommerce sales are going to reach $908.73+ billion by this year and an estimate of $50 billion will be lost because of fraud. So it is important to take appropriate eCommerce fraud prevention measures to secure yourself from online threats.

Here are 3 tools that you can use to do that.

eCommerce fraud prevention tools 

1. Signifyd

Signifyd is one of the first places to look for fraud prevention software. With a scale to accommodate both large and small businesses, it runs in the backend of your store and assigns every purchase a “score” based on the likelihood that its fraud. They also offer insurance on select orders, in case there’s something suspicious you can’t put your finger on.

Signifyd - Fraud Prevention Tool

2. Sift

Formerly Sift Science, the fraud prevention tool Sift is a reliable and fully secure platform that provides 24/7 support to its customers. It analyses the following key areas:

  • order evaluations
  • fake account prevention
  • account takeover prevention
  • abuse of promotions prevention
  • spam prevention for content
  • device fingerprinting API
Sift - Fraud Prevention Tools

3. Subuno

Subuno offers over 20 fraud detection tools that analyze over 100 risk factors. It’s a great choice for those who don’t have a lot in their budget but still prioritize site safety. It detects fraud by automating your manual reviewing process and saves time by over 75%


Subuno - fraud protection tool

You want to build your online store on a secure, popular platform to protect your business from these new-age eCommerce frauds. If you are on a hunt for one, look no further.

Instamojo is a highly secure and powerful platform with 24X7 customer support in place so you don’t have to look anywhere else. You will also get secure payment gateways for your eCommerce needs.

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